Choosing a Kitchen Faucet
The kitchen faucet is one of the most used home appliances for cooking, rinsing or washing the dishes, sometimes several times a day. But it is also a crucial part of your interior design, able alone to give your kitchen a retro look, industrial and contemporary. Outiz helps you to find the most sustainable kitchen faucet according to your needs and tastes.
The kitchen tap is the plumbing device that controls the opening and the water stop in your sink. Apart from the joints and fasteners, all kitchen faucets are composed of three elements:
-A bill: bringing water to aerator is often the most visible part of the valve. Its design and features vary greatly depending on the tap. His height and length will be determining factors in your choice. If you have a narrow and shallow sink, you should opt for a high and short beak, and if instead the sink is very wide, you will need a very long beak.
-A frother: installed at the end of the spout, it mixes the water with air to create the jet of water in the valve outlet.
-One or more handle (s): the handle is the interactive element of the valve. It allows you to run or close the water.
Outiz Tip: Most plumbing systems have a water pressure of 3 bar on average. We still recommend checking yours, most taps recommending a minimum pressure of 1 bar.
Once the action taken on your sink and checking the water pressure in your plumbing, you are ready to choose the faucet that will be most suitable for your kitchen. There are two major types of valves, and many additional features according to your needs and your desires.
The different types of kitchen faucets
The mixer is the traditional tap fitted to yesterday most kitchens. It is equipped with two handles, controlling the hot water and cold water respectively . Both water then mix (hence its name “mixer”) and flow into the spout until frothing which ejects the form of a jet. The advantage of mixing valve is to have direct and instant control over the type of water that is desired (eg in the case of tableware, run the hot water, or on the contrary, run the cold water for rinsing). Mixers are also more resistant to wear . If the mixer is rather recommended for traditional cuisines and retro look , it can also tune with modern open spaces.
The second type of tap is faucet, modern faucet by excellence and increasingly present in our kitchens. It is based on a different technology: it is equipped with a single handle with a vertical position determines the flow rate and the horizontal temperature control. Unlike the mixer application to control groped each handle simultaneously to reach the desired temperature, the mixing valve is effortless and allows to save large amounts of water over the long term. The downside: the initial temperature of the water will depend on the position in which you left the handle to your last use. You will have to wait for the water to be “mixed” at the right temperature.
Outiz Tip: Before making your final choice, measure the size and depth of your sink. If you have a shallow sink, prefer a tap with a large spout height
Choose according to your needs
Height and bill length
Whether you prefer a blender or mixer, contemporary or retro, it’s important to choose a faucet adapted to the architecture of your kitchen and the size of your sink . If your sink is shallow, you will need a tap high spout, which allows you to make large containers break effortless .
If instead your sink is very deep, or you have a shower, you may prefer a more discreet tap, less high and less long. Note that at present, the tendency is to sink deep and wide.
Element increasingly fashionable and inspired industrial kitchens, the pull-out spray helps simplify the dishes and other cleaning, even if shallow sink. Simply remove the spray from the base and the handle as a showerhead. In included position, the spray blends with the tooth and allows a conventional jet.
Tilt And swivel spout
An important element of the kitchen faucet is the possibility of directing valves as needed. The need to be able to direct the beaks of taps is even more true in the case of dual sink or sink full width. Numerous sink faucets have rotatable nozzles, with varying degrees angle depending on the make and model (often 140 or 150 degrees, sometimes even 360 degrees!).
Another feature that can be useful: the beak tipping. It is especially popular in the case of sinks installed under windows, so you can store the faucet and open or close the doors without problems. The changeover can be vertical or horizontal depending on the model and your preferences.
The materials and finishes
There are many materials used for the manufacture and finishing of kitchen faucets.The choice depends on your taste and interior design you have chosen for your kitchen:
-If you opt for a more contemporary design, we recommend you opt for polished or satin chrome finish, or stainless steel. The shiny chrome adds light to your room and fits perfectly with the composite sinks and with fitted kitchens. Stainless steel gives a professional look to your space, and is reputed to resist bacteria. Chrome and stainless steel are easy to clean, even if they tend to retain water droplets. Other materials can enhance the modern look of your kitchen such as nickel or brushed steel.
-If in contrast you’re looking for atmosphere vintage or retro, we advise you to refer you to brass finishes, bronze or antique copper. Zinc and copper alloy, brass is renowned for its golden color and give an old and traditional look to your kitchen.Attention is, however, relatively messy and oxidizes easily.
Outiz Tip: You choose a faucet with brass finishes? Clean once a week with a cloth soaked in white vinegar
Standards to know
As Wholesaleably.com, kitchen faucets are used to do the dishes and especially deliver drinking water. It is therefore necessary to be familiar with the standards to choose a faucet consistent and sustainable .
There are two types of standards: NF guarantees the quality, strength and performance of the device; and marking ACS ensuring compliance of the apparatus with the French health standards.
Several NF concern actually taps: NF EN 200 (for mixers), EN 817 (for mixers), EN 112 (for showers). Finally, the standard EN 1717 establishes a faucets quality ranking called “ECAU” .
- “E” is the characteristic or hydraulic flow.Is the tap usage rate as equipped.
- “C” is the characteristic comfort.
- “A” is the acoustic characteristic (or “silence Index”).
- “U” is the characteristic mechanical endurance or wear (mainly concerning directional taps and tilt).
The marking is as follows: “E1C1A1U1” meaning a quality one for each criterion, or “E0C2A2U3” meaning a relatively low usage rate but a very good mechanical endurance.
The marking ACS, compulsory since 2006, means in turn that the unit has received the official approval of the Directorate of Health. It applies to the equipment (and the materials which constitute them) in contact with water and intended for human consumption.
Finally, it is useful to know that since 2012 and in the buildings of low consumption, it has become mandatory to install a tap fitted with a C3 cartridge , which allows for saving water and energy.