Change the engine oil to your car is a simple exercise, as well as check from time to time the level, which will allow you to be able to save money by replacing a visit to the mechanic with a little ‘healthy do-it-yourself. After all, it is a procedure that does not require any kind of specialized knowledge; however it is good to always do the utmost attention, because despite the apparent ease of the work, it can happen that a single, fatal distraction can seriously affect the operation of your car.
So, change the engine oil with their own hands is definitely recommended (unless the car is still under warranty, in which case it is necessary to carry out both a mechanical authorized), but never forget to make extensive use of adagio and cautiously beginning to end of operations.
Obviously, as the practice is technically simple having a minimum of experience, you must still have suitable equipment. In the event that you are unable to find everything you need, it is always better to an authorized contact, as well as having the right guarantees of success. Take a false step during engine oil change will result in damage to the car, and cost you much more than just a short visit of the mechanical routine.
ENGINE OIL: WHAT IS IT AND HOW TO CHANGE IT
To change the engine oil and filter are required: an oil filter, available at any garage (but remember to bring with you the little book of your car), two thick wooden boards around 5 cm long and one meter, two tables thick wood around 5 cm long and half a meter, a key chain, a hex wrench, a container forcollecting oil black engine scrap (we recommend a capacity of at least 5 liters), a funnel, a pair of thick gloves, a flashlight, a rag to pulirvi and, as the last thing, the new engine oil of course.
Once scraped together everything you need, you are finally ready to begin with the replacement. Some argue that the engine oil is controlled cold .So if you are in this party and you have just finished using the car, it would be best to wait at least half an hour before you can open the hood. However others prefer to maintain it hot, so that the waste oil – if warm – can escape with greater fluidit
You must first make sure that your car is raised slightly in order to facilitate the operations. To do this, resting on the floor the wooden boards from a meter behind each wheel, and put on top of these the two half-meter boards, in such a way as to form two “steps” Do climb on the car, put the gear, turn the engine off and make sure you put the handbrake. Then locate the oil plug (you open the bolt with the hex wrench ) after venturing under your car off the ground; then unscrew and, by removing the screw, do drain the used oil inside the special container.
Let spend about ten minutes, and proceed to unscrew the engine oil filterway using the strap wrench. At this point you can leave to spend some time, waiting for the black engine oil has finished dripping. Put in place the screw and bolt removed earlier for the used oil depletion, take just bought the oil filter and lubricate the seal with a little ‘fresh oil, using a finger. This will ensure an excellent seal, and avoid drawbacks such as, for example, a loss of engine oil.
Screw the filter first by hand, then with the key ring until it is firmly in place.Take the funnel, and use it to pour new engine oil in your car, always paying attention to the two notches of the rod that you will use (one marks the minimum level, the other the maximum). It is advisable to top up until half way between the two: less, and will be little; more, and it may cause problems. Close the oil plug, Cleanse with the rag and start the engine, so that the oil just replaced enters the bloodstream. The engine oil warning light will stay on until the new filter will be filled up, then go dark. Check that there are no leaks, and if the first check is negative, you will have successfully completed the oil change and filter.
WHEN TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL
On average it is advisable to proceed with the engine oil change every 15,000 kilometers in the case of petrol engines, and every 30,000 km in the case of diesel engines. Obviously, the more your car is old, you will need more care and attention: if your car has lived many, then it is recommended that an oil change every 10,000 kilometers (more the engine is worn out, consumes more oil). Alternatively per kilometer method you can use the calendar, and change the engine oil at least every year, every two maximum.
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