Diabetes in pregnancy
Diabetes is a disease in which blood sugar rates are higher than normal. There are various types of the disease, and even one that develops in pregnancy: gestational diabetes, which can complicate the delivery of future mamis like life.
The gestational diabetes occurs because of hormonal changes that the body undergoes during pregnancy, that end up inhibiting the action of insulin-hormone responsible for the capture of the sugar in the blood. Normally, the pancreas would begin to produce more insulin to compensate for the lack, but it does not occur in some women, which leads to increased blood sugar levels and consequently to gestational diabetes.
Respond to the questions that many more out there on the subject. Follow the pages and discover what you always wanted to know about gestational diabetes.
1 | What are the risks for the baby?
All excess sugar in the mother’s blood is absorbed by the baby through the placenta and raises some consequence that can complicate the life of the baby and childbirth.
- Overgrowth (fetal human) baby can suffer malformations.There is also the increasing need to do a c-section for the small size.
- Neonatal hypoglycemia (when blood sugar rates are below normal) the baby after birth
- Increased risk of developing diabetes during the adult life of the baby and increased risk of childhood obesity
- Respiratory and circulatory problems by exaggerated size
It is worth remembering that most mothers who suffer from gestational diabetes during pregnancy (and themselves!) has a good chance of having healthy, normal children.
2 | How to find out if I have gestational diabetes?
Since every woman can suffer from gestational diabetes it is important to control blood glucose levels with frequent tests. Mainly from the sixth month of pregnancy, when the disease tends to appear.
There are two type of scan that can detect gestational diabetes:
- Fasting glucose:a simple blood test that detects blood sugar levels after 12 hours without eating
- Oral glucose tolerance Test:exam accompanying blood sugar levels every hour after glucose intake.
3 | I’ll continue to have diabetes after delivery?
After the end of pregnancy diabetes tends to disappear and also “breastfeeding may reduce the risk of developing permanent diabetes after delivery.”, adds Dr. Lenita. Mthe who suffered from gestational diabetes has already received a warning from the pancreas that he can’t produce as much insulin.
“The history of gestational diabetes is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes throughout adulthood and senility.”, explains Dr. Lenita Zajdenverg. If you had diabetes during pregnancy has to keep an eye on food and lifestyle always!
4 | And if I am diabetic?
If you want to get pregnant and already suffering from diabetes is of type 1 or 2 should always ensure that the disease is controlled and balanced before trying to have a baby, okay?
During pregnancy caution should be dedobrado, with a strict supervision of your blood glucose. Those remedies, medications that reduce the amount of sugar in the blood are contraindicated during pregnancy and can be replaced with insulin injections before conception. So if you already have diabetes, plan this pregnancy, ok?
4 | Who is more likely to have gestational diabetes?
Family history of diabetes and excessive weight gain during pregnancy can be one of the factors that help in the development of gestational diabetes. If you call in the list:
- Obesity:women with a BMI over 30
- Age:pregnant women in old age are more likely to developgestational diabetes
- Family history:a relative of the first degree who has diabetes
5 | How is the treatment of gestational diabetes?
As always looking out of the dish. “The control of gestational diabetes is made mostly through an adequate nutritional orientation.”, says Dr. Lenita Zajdenverg. Physical exercises of little impact without contraindications to the mummies are another way to keep glucose levels well controlled.
If you still haven’t glycaemia enters the optimal levels is recommended a therapy with insulin, which does not harm the baby.
6 | How to prevent gestational diabetes
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