The forerunners of modern football has struggled with hooliganism. Because the sport will get more lines, and supporters had more time to tackle football hooliganism have appeared in its current form. Currently, many actions have been taken against this aggression football, but for the moment, this is still not enough.
Football as it is played today by day was invented in England. Previous competitions were organised in different cities and were first played football with a skull and later a cow blow. The game can sometimes take days and was held over a distance of several kilometres. The object of the game was to kick the skull or the bladder through the city gate. This game often went to very violent, and it was often injured and sometimes killed. Thanks to this barbarity football was not accepted as an official sport. Year 1863 Cambridge Rules generally accepted after the establishment of Footbal Association, the British football association. Football was particularly wanted to have anything to do with this game a sport for the lower classes and the more affluent class is until there were more rules on physical contact in the sport. From then on it became a sport for the elite, it was played by universities and wealthy individuals.
During these competitions, it was soon clear that there were a lot of aggression present. But years later, in the early 20th century, this phenomenon had a name, Hooliganism? ?? Hooliganism is named after the infamous Houlihan family that lived in the early 20th century in London. They were famous and infamous due to their violent lives.
The main reason for the Nations rise in football hooliganism and, therefore, is that the people had more free time to go watch a football game because they used six days out of seven had to work not much time left, later switched from five days a week and until noon on Saturdays. Since then fans have more time to go to the football. The capital of the working class became stronger not only the elite? ??previously could go to watch football, but the sport became more accessible to all population groups. And last
main reason you had mobility, can the people who are now easily moved with and going to away matches in the Club so that you can easily go to a confrontation with supporters of the opposition.
What is hooliganism
Hooliganism is not a two three to explain, there are all different names such as hooliganism as soccer aggression, hooliganism… Nevertheless, it would be a difference in hooliganism and hooliganism, football hooliganism more spontaneous aggression that comes up after a decision by the referee or the action reaction of supporters ‘ clubs. Hooliganism is, however, a more organized aggression. Here we are talking about the term gang.
The Dutch Penal Code includes a definition of vandalism?? Intentionally and/or illegal destruction, damage or disable public or private property without giving the material benefit for the perpetrator??.Not only the Dutch Penal Code has a definition here, but also the Belgian?? Offences against public order, invasion of privacy, vandalism of public property and public intoxication.
The two most common types of vandalism that occur in vandalism and hooliganism his prestige social vandalism.
- The prestige of the vandalism aims to prove themselves to the group.
- Social vandalism typically occurs from a feeling that have failed or been treated unfairly in the family or work situation. Social vandalism leading to the worst destruction.
Penalties for hooliganism:
Consequences of hooliganism are interchangeable physical damage to the psychological harm and material damage. When you break the rules, inside the stadium or outside the stadium, but the Club colours, you can be the subject of a stadium ban. A stadium usually takes between three months and five years. If there is a crime committed by the judge in the stadium he can impose a ban of between three months and ten years. When you enter the arena while you have an arena, you will receive a fine of at least 1,000 euros and a one-year extension of the stadium. A stadium ban is usually charged by the unit football team after police PV has drawn about this person.
Against the clubs, can drive the football and police draw a PV. Against the supporters is just the police who can establish a PV, PV reaches the device. A copy goes to the lawyer, who was present during the match where the PV was. The Prosecutor may determine whether himself prosecuted. In 99% of cases prosecuted himself and set up the device for soccer in the procedure. This means that football Unit PV sends it to the person concerned, to explain clearly what he/she has done wrong. At what stage, and in the race. He/she will be given one month time to make either written or oral defense. In the written defence, sent a letter to the unit football and oral defense of the person in question should go to the device for domestic football. Within six months after the fact, the cell must make a decision in which a penalty may be imposed on the stadiums and/or a fine. The decision is sent to that person and that person has one month to appeal to the Magistrates ‘ Court of his residence.
A fan can get a stadium after:
- Throw objects
- Violates his Stadium bans or bans on the perimeter. A perimeter ban is a ban to come into the vicinity of the stadium.
- It is located on sites where you do not have a valid ticket, such as access to the stadium, or trials, the stadium without a valid ticket.
- Located in a zone other than where you have a ticket to.
- Climbing on the fence.
- Located on the playing field or grass strips around the field.
- At different locations to where you shouldn’t be such a lighting pole.
- Article 23 inciting hatred, anger, assault and battery. These are all forms of challenge and provocation such words or actions, or a combination thereof.
- The use or introduction of pyrotechnics. The most notable here is the Bengal fire or firecrackers.
Some of these articles are applicable only at the stadium, some applied within a radius of 5 km around the arena and article 23 applies to the entire territory of the country 24 hours before the game until 24 hours after the match.
When does the Director of security for the Club you have an arena, this is an arena of civil interdiction and this automatically one year. You can also get a penalty after an infringement which is against the law. This will be between EUR 250 and EUR 5000. You can also get a stadium ban and a fine.
Another consequence is that more and more games like risk competitions respect and be there during these matches more stewards and more police officers will be present. If there is a risk game, it also becomes Combi control, which means that you need to move with the predetermined vehicle. This is usually a bus. Several supporters often gives problems with it because they have to go early to the place of departure and also causes unnecessary additional costs. This increases the risk that the supporters should they go by car to the stadium and buy a ticket between supporters of the home team.Most of the damage is installed inside the stadium, around the Arena falls also sometimes mailboxes, car?? s and Windows of the House. Physical effects of hooliganism his injuries and in exceptional cases and with death.
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