Currently in the media is on the rise the subject “Microcephaly”, you must have heard a lot of it, but you may not know what it is, this disease called Microcephaly, it occurs in the head of children, in which the head and brain are smaller than normal, thus influencing the mental development of the child.
The disease occurs when the size of the head of a child with a year and three months is less than 42cm. This is because the bones of the head, which at birth are separated, come together too soon, preventing the brain grow up normally.
Microcephaly is considered a serious illness, she does not have a cure, the child to be born with this disease, you will need to care for your whole life, she ends up being dependent on to eat, move and make your requirements in more severe cases the microcephaly will get more syndromes.
Children who are born with microcephaly are going to need to do physical therapy for life in order to have a better development, with this you can prevent respiratory complications and even ulcers that may arise for staying too long jumble or in a wheelchair.
How to Avoid the Microcephaly
The cause of microcephaly can be genetic diseases, is exposed to toxic substances or malnutrition. In addition some other items may cause:
- The use of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs such as cocaine and heroin during pregnancy;
- Mercury poisoning or copper;
- Maternal HIV;
- Metabolic diseases on mother as phenylketonuria;
- Radiation exposure during pregnancy;
- Use of medication against epilepsy, hepatitis or cancer, in the first 3 months of pregnancy
- And the more dangerous now is the Zika virus, which is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti
To avoid catching the Zika virus it is important that pregnant women use mosquito repellent (natural) daily, so will avoid be bitten by the Aedes aegypti, this leggy causing the Zika Virus and chikungunya.
The repellent can be passed on to every 6 hours around the body and clothes, and use natural insect repellent, so he has no danger of causing any risk for those uses. Other measures that can prevent the bite of mosquitoes is to use long-sleeved clothes, long pants and socks.
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